Spyglass and Habitat

The two main elements of the tower are symbolic of the two primary buildings in Beirut that were used by the Marines. Spyglass is representative of the highest position the Marines held and supported their headquarters below. Habitat is representative of the Battalion headquarters that was destroyed. 

The two main elements of the tower are symbolic of the two primary buildings in Beirut that were used by the Marines.

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Below The Tower

At the base of the tower visitors will be able to walk under the 241 center rods symbolizing those who died in the attack on October 23rd. At the bottom are 6 steps with the names of the Marines from Battalion 1/8 who died before the attack.

In the center is a map of Beirut and the flags of the Multi-National force (U.S., Britain, France, and Italy) that served in this mission.

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1982  Panel 1 of 9

Panel 1 Image

On each level there will be 3 panels providing a timeline with pictures and descriptions of events that impacted the Peacekeepers mission.

June 6 1982 - Operation Peace for Galilee.

June 24 1982 - Marines evacuate 580 Americans out of Beirut.

Aug 25 to Sept 10 1982 - The PLO forces transported by ships to Greece.

Panel 1 Details

June 6 1982 - Operation Peace for Galilee.

June 24 1982 - Marines evacuate 580 Americans out of Beirut.

Aug 25 to Sept 10 1982 - The PLO forces transported to Greece.

Panel 1 Details

1982  Panel 2 of 9

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Sept 14 1982 - President-elect Bashir Gemayel is killed.

Sept 17 1982 - Phalange Militia attack two Palestinian refugee camps (Sabra and Shatila) looking for PLO militia possibly hiding in the camps.

Sept 29 1982 - 32nd MAU and BLT 2/8 along with Multi-National forces (MNF) from England, France, and Italy deployed.

Panel 2 Details

Sept 14 1982 - President-elect Bashir Gemayel is killed.

Sept 17 1982 - Phalange Militia attack two Palestinian refugee camps (Sabra and Shatila) looking for PLO militia possibly hiding in the camps.

Sept 29 1982 - 32nd MAU and BLT 2/8 along with Multi-National forces (MNF) from England, France, and Italy deployed.

Panel 2 Details

1983  Panel 3 of 9

Panel 3

Sept 30 1982 - Corporal David Regan became the first US MNF Marine to die at the Beirut Airport. 

Oct 30 1982 - The 24th MAU with BLT 3/8 relieves the 32nd MAU and BLT 2/8. 

Nov 1 1982 to Feb 14 1983 - Marines and Multi-national forces begin conducting patrols throughout Beirut.

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Sept 30 1982 - Corporal David Regan became the first US MNF Marine to die.

Oct 30 1982 - Marines began to establish their presence at the Beirut Airport.

Nov 1 1982 to Feb 14 1983 - Marines and Multi-national forces begin conducting patrols throughout Beirut.

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1983  Panel 4 of 9

Panel 4

Feb 2 1983 - Three Israeli tanks were stopped by a Marine Captain who drew his .45 caliber pistol and told them to turn back, which they did.

Feb 20-24 1983 - Acting as First Responders, the 22nd MAU provides emergency support to citizens in the mountains near Beirut.

April 18 1983 - The US Embassy in downtown Beirut was partially destroyed by a terrorist car bomb parked just outside the building. 

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Feb 2 1983 - Three Israeli tanks were stopped by a Marine Captain.

Feb 20-24 1983 - Marines provides emergency support to citizens in the mountains near Beirut.

April 18 1983 - The US Embassy in downtown Beirut was partially destroyed by a terrorist car bomb. 

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1983  Panel 5 of 9

Panel 5

Aug 29 1983 - Under international pressure, the Israeli army finally began their withdrawal. Two Marines were killed and 10 wounded in Druze attacks.

Sept 6 1983 - In the early morning of Sept. 6, LCpl Randy Clark and Cpl Pedro Valle with Alpha Company were killed in a rocket attack at their checkpoint.

Sept 22 1983 - The USS New Jersey fires its sixteen inch guns into the Shouf mountains in support of the LAF. 

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Aug 29 1983 - Israeli army finally began their withdrawal.

Sept 6 1983 - LCpl Randy Clark and Cpl Pedro Valle with Alpha Company were killed.

Sept 22 1983 - The USS New Jersey fires its sixteen inch guns into the Shouf mountains. 

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1983  Panel 6 of 9

Panel 6

Oct 14 1983 - EOD specialist SSG Alan Soifert was killed by sniper fire.

Oct 16 1983 - Captain Michael Ohler was killed by a sniper while calling in air support from the Spyglass 1 position at the top of the University position.

Oct 23 1983 - At 0622 a truck detonated. There were 241 Marines, Sailors, and Soldiers killed and 79 injured in the blast. Just 10 minutes later another attack at the French contingent headquarters killed 58 French paratroopers with only 15 survivors.

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Oct 14 1983 - EOD specialist SSG Alan Soifert was killed by sniper fire.

Oct 16 1983 - Captain Michael Ohler was killed by a sniper.

Oct 23 1983 - 241 Marines, Sailors, and Soldiers killed and  at another attack at the French headquarters killed 58 French paratroopers.

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1983  Panel 7 of 9

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Oct 24 - Nov 1 1983 - There were no survivors found after October 23rd. 

Nov 5 1983 - Alpha and Echo company still in Beirut depart from the University position, they come under heavy and intense fire from small arms and mortars.

Dec 4 1983 - 8 Marines KIA by rocket attack South of the Beirut airport. 

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Oct 24 - Nov 1 1983 - There were no survivors found after October 23rd. 

Nov 5 1983 - Alpha and Echo company still in Beirut depart from the University position.

Dec 4 1983 - 8 Marines KIA by rocket attack South of the Beirut airport. 

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1984  Panel 8 of 9

Panel 8

Jan 8 1984 - Marine Sgt. Ed Gargano died in an ambush while stepping off a helicopter near the UK/US Embassy located on the Corniche in Beirut.

Feb 8 1984 - Marine Captain Alford Butler dies in his quarters while cleaning his pistol and is the last MNF American Marine casualty.

Feb 26 1984 - At 0600 the last of the 2/8 BLT Marines and US Multinational Force depart their positions around the Beirut airport turning over control for security in Beirut to the Lebanese Armed Forces.

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Jan 8 1984 - Marine Sgt. Ed Gargano died in an ambush.

Feb 8 1984 - Marine Captain Alford Butler dies in his quarters.

Feb 26 1984 - US Multinational Force depart their positions around the Beirut.

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1984  Panel 9 of 9

Panel 9

Apr 8 1984 - Marines from BLT 3/8 with 24th MAU arrive in Beirut.

May - June 1984 - Marine Combat Engineers from BLT 3/8 improve bunkers and barriers protecting against reported threats to the US/UK Embassy compound.

Sep 20 1984 - At the relocated American Embassy Annex in East Beirut a suicide bomber attempted to drive a van into the complex. 

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Apr 8 1984 - Marines from BLT 3/8 with 24th MAU arrive in Beirut.

May - June 1984 - Marine Combat Engineers from BLT 3/8 improve bunkers.

Sep 20 1984 - Attack at the relocated American Embassy Annex in East Beirut. 

Panel 9 Details

Remembering the Fallen

The names of each Marine, Navy, and Army service member who served and died in Beirut from 1982-1984 will be honored at this tower. It will also include recognition of those countries and soldiers who died. On each level there will be a ring around the 241 rods with the names of those who died on October 23rd, 1983. The names of others will be listed on special plaques or within the timeline of the tower. 

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